BLACK LIVES HAVE ALWAYS MATTERED, edited by Abiodun Oyewole, extends beyond the Black Lives Matter movement’s primary agenda of police brutality, to acknowledge that even when affronted with slavery, segregation and Jim Crow, racial injustice and inequality, black lives have always mattered. This anthology of essays, personal narratives, poetry and prose address a wide range of hot-button issues and racial disparities that disproportionately impact the black community. While written primarily by African American poets, writers, activists and scholars, selections are also from people of the Latino and African diasporas, and white activists. This is a call to action that challenges readers to confront long-held values and beliefs about black lives, as well as white privilege and fragility, as it surveys the historical and contemporary ravages of racism and persistence of structural inequality. Cover design: Vagabond. Photo: The UNITAS program on Fox Street in the South Bronx, 1983. Copyright © Ricky Flores.